1. Industrial clusters help save transaction costs
In the industrial cluster, enterprises are facing many nearby raw material suppliers and equipment suppliers, so they can compare goods with each other, and can buy various inputs at a lower cost, higher requirements, and faster , Including raw materials, parts, machinery and equipment, various services, and various human resources.
2. Industrial clusters are conducive to the mutual promotion of industry and professional markets Industrial clusters are conducive to the formation of professional markets, and the formation of professional markets will further promote the development of industrial clusters.
First, because there is a professional market that has a large impact at home and abroad, it is conducive to product sales.
Secondly, because there are many professional markets, enterprises are more convenient to purchase raw materials and auxiliary materials, and the prices are very low.
Third, these professional markets are both product distribution centers and information distribution centers. While people have collected similar products at home and abroad here, they have also collected relevant information at home and abroad. With this information, the companies in the cluster can improve the color variety in a timely manner and adjust the product structure quickly. Businesses can continuously reduce costs by providing external motivation and pressure.
、产业集群更易激发竞争意识 3. Industrial clusters are more likely to stimulate competition awareness
Within an industrial cluster, the same product is not produced by one company, but by many companies, and these companies will naturally compete with each other. This competition is face-to-face, and many similar companies are even door-to-door, household-to-household.
、有利于企业之间的深度分工，而深度分工又有利于专而精，有利于提高效率，有利于技术创新。 4 , is conducive to the deep division of labor between enterprises, and deep division of labor is conducive to specialization and refinement, is conducive to improving efficiency, is conducive to technological innovation.
Within an industrial cluster, the business model of an enterprise is generally core competence plus outsourcing. That is to say, each enterprise will concentrate all its funds and energy on the point where it has the best advantage, and make it the cheapest and best in the country, and even the cheapest and best in the world. This is the core competence of the company. Other tasks, including other parts production, product design, sales and other related business, are outsourced to other professional companies to complete. In this way, each product is a summary of the core capabilities of many enterprises.
Years of development have made Zhongshan's hardware supporting enterprises quite complete. They can be found in the northern part of Zhongshan as small as a wire nail. The rapid forming of Hanxin molds provides convenient services for the rapid transformation of the company's products; the world's largest Stanley hardware The tool company is located in the northern area of Zhongshan, which has laid the foundation for the prosperity of the hardware industry. 多个零部件，有 123 道工序，这些在中山的北部，都能就地完成，此外中山还有 360 多家包装印刷企业，这也是产品得以顺利出厂的重要组成部分，集群内部产业配套完善。 According to relevant persons, a very common lock has more than 40 parts and 123 processes. These can be completed on the spot in the northern part of Zhongshan. In addition, there are more than 360 packaging and printing companies in Zhongshan. An important part of the smooth delivery, the industry supporting the cluster is complete. Fourth, government civil service is in place. The measures taken by Xiaolan Town for discounts on the payment of related industries, unified export tax advances, as well as measures to help capture overseas market information and provide human resources services to enterprises have become one of the guarantees for the base to become stronger and larger.
、产业集群有利招商引资 5. Favorable investment promotion of industrial clusters
After studying the industrial development models in many parts of the country, we found that industrial clusters are the best investment environment. Industrial clusters themselves represent markets and business opportunities. Industrial clusters are a good project incubator and business incubator. Some discerning people can constantly find empty spaces for investment here. It is the investment in these vacant areas that makes the cluster's industrial supporting system and service system increasingly perfect, and the industrial chain continues to extend.
In addition, starting a business within an industrial cluster not only has low entry costs but also low exit costs. Because there are hundreds or thousands of similar enterprises, individual companies have closed down due to poor management, or need to sell because of industrial restructuring, including selling some assets, it is easy to find buyers, because there are many high-quality enterprises in urgent need of expansion, Mergers and acquisitions of local companies are the best way for them to expand at low cost. Not only is it conducive to attracting external direct investment, but it is also beneficial for enterprises within the cluster to raise capital in domestic and foreign capital markets.
、产业集群有利治理信用缺失症 6. Industrial Clusters Favorably Govern Credit Deficiency
Lack of credit is a major problem in China's current market economy. 的 10% 到 20% ，直接和间接经济损失每年高达 5855 亿元。 According to reports, the ineffective cost of market transactions caused by credit deficiency has accounted for 10% to 20% of China's GDP , and direct and indirect economic losses amount to 558.5 billion yuan each year . In the case of severe lack of credit, regional industrial clusters are an effective measure to reduce transaction costs and avoid loss of lack of credit.
Regional industries are concentrated. Many enterprises in the same industry and related industries are concentrated in the same city. They know each other. Whether it is arrears, forgery, or debt evasion, it is not foreigners who harm the local people. As soon as someone behaves in such a way, such information will be immediately spread locally, and it will be difficult for him to gain a foothold locally.
Furthermore, because buyers and sellers are very close, buyers do not pay for the products they take, sellers sell fake goods, and the cost of debt collection and returns is low. If you want to get a bill, I can come to your house every day to discuss it. I don't need to take a plane or stay in a hotel. I can do it in ten or eight minutes.
In industrial clusters, the bosses of various companies are familiar with each other, and some are partners who grew up together. Long-term business exchanges have further enhanced each other's friendship and trust. Due to geography, kinship, and business relationships, people have formed a network of friendships that help each other and trust each other. This friendship is carried out on the basis of. Under such circumstances, mistrust such as fraud, fraud, and malicious arrears generally do not occur between enterprises.
7. Industrial clusters are beneficial for creating regional brands
In a fiercely competitive market economy and society, not only products need brands, enterprises need brands, that is, a city and a county also need brands. The brand of the product indicates the unique performance and quality of the product, and the regional brand indicates the regional industrial advantage and product characteristics.
Just as products with high brand influence can gain more consumers, regions with high brand influence can attract more dealerships, suppliers, investors, and various talents. At present, China's major hardware product industrial bases have promoted the prosperity of upstream and downstream industries to varying degrees, which is very beneficial to the overall development of the regional economy.
Industrial clusters are conducive to creating regional brands. When people talk about home appliances, they think of Shunde; when they think of lighters, they think of Wenzhou; when they mention ties, they think of Luzhou; when they mention socks, they think of Zhuji Datang; when they mention textiles, people think Think of Shaoxing, Zhejiang; people think of Yongkang when it comes to hardware.